Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy


Diabetic retinopathy is a common complication of diabetes that occurs when high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels in the retina, leading to vision loss.

What are the reasons for diabetic retinopathy and long-term diabetes? Modifications in blood-sugar levels is the main perpetrator. Individuals suffering from diabetes usually develop diabetic retinopathy after at least ten years of having the disease. Once you are detected with diabetes, it is vital to have an eye test as soon as a year or more.

In the early phase of diabetic retinopathy, called background or non-proliferative retinopathy, the high blood sugar level in the retina damages capillaries, which bleed or leakage fluid. This leaking or bleeding causes swelling in the retina, which forms deposits.

In the later stage of diabetic retinopathy, called proliferative retinopathy, new blood vessels start to grow on the retina. These new blood vessels may break, triggering bleeding into the vitreous, the straightforward gelatinous matter that fills the inside of the eye. This breakage can cause severe vision difficulties.

This type of diabetic retinopathy can cause loss of sight and is therefore the more severe form of the disease.

It is not difficult to considerably reduce your danger of diabetic retinopathy by following some basic steps and knowing your total health. The most essential aspect you can control is keeping your blood glucose at a healthy level. A healthy diet plan will help significantly manage blood sugar levels. A regular workout routine is also a great help. Lastly, make certain to listen to your doctor’s instructions.